Are keywords in the file name URL a Google ranking factor?

Published: November 28, 2018

Yes, keywords in URLs or file names are a ranking factor, according to official Google statements. Generally, this is a positive ranking signal but it can become negative, if overdone.

Q: “It seems that having relevant keywords and URLs is very helpful.”
A: “Agreed” source

Keep in mind that this just a minor factor, so don’t over optimize.